Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a cognitive behavioral treatment that was originally developed to treat chronically suicidal individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and it is now recognized as the gold standard psychological treatment for this population. In addition, research has shown that it is effective in treating a wide range of other disorders such as substance dependence, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and eating disorders.
DBT includes four sets of behavioral skills.
-Mindfulness: the practice of being fully aware and present in this one moment
-Distress Tolerance: how to tolerate pain in difficult situations rather than change it
-Interpersonal Effectiveness: how to ask for what you want and say no while maintaining self-respect and relationships with others
-Emotion Regulation: how to change emotions that you want to change
How effective is DBT?
Research has shown DBT to be effective in reducing suicidal behavior, non suicidal self injury, psychiatric hospitalization, treatment dropout, substance abuse, anger, depression and improving social and global functioning.
For more information visit http://behavioraltech.org/resources/whatisdbt.cfm